Journal Article The role of climate smart agricultural practices on household income and food security: A propensity score matching approach



The aim of this study was to assess the impacts of climate-smart agricultural practices on household income and food security in Doyogena and Basona climate-smart landscapes in Ethiopia. Data were collected from 796 randomly selected smallholder farmers from the two climate-smart villages of the Doyogena (399) and Basona (397) districts. Using a propensity score matching approach, this study examines the contribution of CSA practices to farm household income and food security. Our study finds that the adoption of CSA practices enhances household food security in Doyogena, whereas in Basona, the implementation of CSA practices improved the average annual income of households. This study suggests that the introduction of CSA practices and scaling up of these practices should be site-specific but not a one-size-fits-all approach. Promoting and scaling up these practices may require assessing the needs and priorities of communities in different locations.